Archive for the ‘Ham’ Category.

How to Integrate LoRa sensor to Weather Underground

This is short tutorial how to send data from sensor connected to The Things Network via LoRaWAN to Weather Underground. I will use Scidrom air quality sensor whic I developed for students in local school. Just a quick reminder the “AQ” sensor detects PM10, PM2,5 particles, air pressure, temperature and humidity and solar radiation in visible in UV spectrum. More details are available in older post.

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5GHz “WiFi” Grid antenna test

“Special offer” came out for 5GHz antenna. It was posted on Polish web store Interprojekt, where I sometimes buy some equipment for long range WiFi point-to-point links.

Gold WiFi grid antenna, price 13 EUR

The antenna came well packed in carton with additional box for the feed. The grids were separated with paper to avoid scratches during transport.

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Outdoor UV index sensor

Here are instructions for outdoor UV index and ambient light sensor.

Assembled UV index and ambient light sensor
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Low cost solar radiation shield

The solar radiation shield is a low cost DIY device to protect temperature, relative humidity and other sensors from the weather, while shielding them from the sun for highest accuracy. Provided here are instructions and files. It require some CNC machinig, but then it could be assembled in minutes. It is made from plant pot saucers.

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Particle Sensor with LoRa

Two PCBs from earlier projects were used in this project:

  1. LoRa breakout board
  2. Sensor PCB with Si7013 humidity sensor from multisensor LoRa project
  3. … and particle sensor.

 

Finished particle sensor in housing, ready for the TTN

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Small “rubber-ducky” helical antenna for 868MHz

This simple Helical Antenna can be used for most LoRa (and other small wireless device) applications, where space constraints exist. The construction is simple, made from wound solid Ag plated copper wire taken from piece of coaxial cable.

Helical axial antenna for 868MHz

Two options how to use this antenna on the PCB modules

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Quick and dirty 868MHz antenna in 5 minutes

This is simple antenna for 868MHz built in 5…10 minutes. Take about 10cm of RG214, a plate of PCB with the copper at one (or both) sides. Remove the coax shield and inner dielectric on one side in length of about 85mm. You will cut this to proper length during SWR measurements.

Simple antenna made with piece of coax and piece of old PCB.

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Collinear antenna for 868MHz Lorawan Gateway

This is description of coaxial collinear antenna for 868MHz applications. I designed this for Lorawan gateway.

Antenna tested with lorawan gateway

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Tiny, isolated USB to Xcvr interface (PTT, Audio, CAT, …)

I will descvribe here the USB interface between the redio station and the computer which I recently developed and tested. This post is a continuation of the first part, where I described a simple interface for controlling two digital lines using the USB / Serial Converter, where I presented simple interface to control two digital signals (e.g. PTT and CW). This time I will describe an interface that combines more functions:

  • Controlling several digital (switching) inputs and outputs,
  • Interface for controlling the station via the serial interface
  • Audio input and output interface (sound card)

I had some implementation issues with the microcontrollers and USB virtual com ports, which I have described in detail in the previous contribution, I decided it’s better using the tested solutions. The block diagram of the interface is swhown in following picture:

Block diagram of the interface

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Small USB to PTT/CW adapter

In this post, I will first introduce some of the basic technical background of the control of the transmit signal (PTT) and other signals (eg CW or linear activation). The second part will describe theĀ  interface development and the final product.

Standard DB9 male connector

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