Archive for the ‘WX’ Category.

Outdoor UV index sensor

Here are instructions for outdoor UV index and ambient light sensor.

Assembled UV index and ambient light sensor
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Low cost solar radiation shield

The solar radiation shield is a low cost DIY device to protect temperature, relative humidity and other sensors from the weather, while shielding them from the sun for highest accuracy. Provided here are instructions and files. It require some CNC machinig, but then it could be assembled in minutes. It is made from plant pot saucers.

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Particle Sensor with LoRa

Two PCBs from earlier projects were used in this project:

  1. LoRa breakout board
  2. Sensor PCB with Si7013 humidity sensor from multisensor LoRa project
  3. … and particle sensor.

 

Finished particle sensor in housing, ready for the TTN

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Simple Rh, T and p sensor with UART communication

The Pressure, temperature and humidity sensor based on MS5637 HDC1080 originally (Rev. 2) operates via RS485 interface and multidrop HDLC-like protocol.  I decided to simplify this for use with Raspberry Pi, arduion or any other mass platforms. First, I took away the RS485 transceiver and second, I simplified the communication.

First adaptation was easy:

Remove RS485 driver and connect Rx/Tx to A/B

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Pressure, temperature and humidity sensor based on MS5637 HDC1080 Rev.2

Gal ordered some PCBs from PCB-Way a while ago. It was multiproject panel with several PCBs. One of the modules was double sided revision of the Pressure, temperature and humidity sensor based on MS5637 HDC1080 which was posted while ago.

Pressure, temperature and humidity sensor based on MS5637 HDC1080

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USB/RS485 converter on a double sided PCB

USB/RS485 module on a single sided board worked successfully for several months. The code is now stable and I decided to order small batch of double sided PCBs for this project. Here is documentation:

RS485/USB interface on a double sided board

RS485/USB interface on a double sided board

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UV index sensor with RS485 interface

This is another sensor in weather-sensor series. It is based on silabs Si1133.

Schematic:

uvindexsch

Si1133 Sensor schematic with RS485 interface

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Pressure, temperature and humidity sensor based on MS5637 HDC1080

This is anothe small module to measure air pressure, temperature and humidity. Two sensors are on-board: MS5637 and HDC1080. Microcontroller is small cortex M0 in TSSOP-20 housing from STM: STM32F070CxP. The SN65HVD72DGKR provides RS485 interface functionality with half duplex mode. Voltage regulator, reverse polarity protection and some LED indicators are provided on-board. Complete module is 10x55mm, produced on single-sided PCB, easily producible in every home lab with proto-PCB capability.

RH, T and air pressure sensor with RS485

RH, T and air pressure sensor with RS485

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USB to RS485

Testing of sensors with RS485 using PC without proper interface is not possible. Since RS232 interfaces are very rare, the interface should be hooked to USB. The interface between USB and RS485 can be soldered with one of the many FTDI interfaces with added RS485 driver, or bought as assembled module. There is always the third option. I made it from scratch.

I took smallest STM32F0 with USB and UART interface. The best thing with UART in the STM32F0 is that signal for driver enable is provided within hardware. The complete pinout of the microcontroller is:

pinout

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SiLabs Si7013 humidity and temperature sensor

I got samples of Si7013.

The Si7013 I2C Humidity and 2-Zone Temperature Sensor is a monolithic CMOS IC integrating humidity and temperature sensor elements, an analog-to-digital
converter, signal processing, calibration data, and an I2C Interface. The patented use of industry-standard, low-K polymeric dielectrics for sensing humidity enables the construction of low-power, monolithic CMOS Sensor ICs with low drift and hysteresis, and excellent long term stability. The humidity and temperature sensors are factory-calibrated and the calibration data is stored in the on-chip non-volatile memory. This ensures that the sensors are fully interchangeable, with no recalibration or software changes required. An auxiliary sensor input with power management can be tied directly to an external thermistor network or other voltage-output sensor. On-board logic performs calibration/linearization of the external input using user-programmable coefficients. The least-significant bit of the Si7013’s I2C address is programmable, allowing two devices to share the same bus. The Si7013 is available in a 3×3 mm DFN package and is reflow solderable. The
optional factory-installed cover offers a low profile, convenient means of protecting the sensor during assembly (e.g., reflow soldering) and throughout the life of the product, excluding liquids (hydrophobic/oleophobic) and particulates. The Si7013 offers an accurate, low-power, factory-calibrated digital solution ideal for measuring humidity, dew-point, and temperature, in applications ranging from HVAC/R and asset tracking to industrial and consumer platforms.

I prepared prototyping board with STM32F0 and line RS485 driver:

rht  pcbrht0

 

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